Critical Reasoning and Logic

Critical Reasoning and Logic

Also available as Online-Course!

Scientists have to give arguments in many different contexts: in their publications, in grant applications, in lab meetings and in conference presentations. Nevertheless, the bases for strong and correct arguments are not always fully clear to them. Logic provides extremely helpful tools for scientists to develop their arguments in a coherent, well-structured and convincing way. The seminar gives an introduction to the most important concepts of logic: premises and conclusions of arguments, validity and soundness of arguments, deductive vs. inductive reasoning, common types of inferences and fallacies. The idea of the seminar is to use these concepts as a toolbox which provides very useful techniques for everyday scientific work. The participants learn how to reconstruct arguments from scientific texts, how to give well-structured and logically valid arguments, and how to avoid misunderstandings. There are two main sets of exercises: one for written argumentation and one for oral argumentation.

Argumentation in Scientific Writing

Thesis Defense Training

Discussing and Communicating Research

Communicating Science



basic concepts of logic (validity and soundness of arguments etc.)


inductive and deductive arguments


common types of fallacies


reconstructing arguments from texts


tips and exercises for written argumentation


tips and exercises for oral argumentation


The participants…


state their arguments in a precise and logically coherent way


learn to quickly identify the strengths and weaknesses of arguments


learn how to break-down arguments into their logical structure


train analytical thinking


The methods are interactive throughout. The course provides extensive exercises that aim at the application of the acquired skills to the participants’ individual fields of work. The participants can bring their own texts to the seminar and get the chance to apply the acquired methods directly to topics from their own research.

Groupsize / Duration

Max 12 participants


2 days, 9 a.m. – 5 p.m.


seminar script including a bibliography (pdf document)


exercise sheets

We are happy to send you a seminar script with a detailed time line and explanations to the single methods on your request.  Contact us.

Our participants say…

Graduate School GAUSS

“One of the important skill courses to attend as a doctoral candidate. This course gave insights to structure arguments for research articles, thesis as well as oral arguments during seminars.”

(April 2021)

Life Science Zürich Graduate School

“Really nice course! I can only recommend it.”

(March 2021)

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR)

”I really liked the course. The sections on logical structure of scientific texts, talks and also on writing  a good intruduction were really helpful. It will surely help me in writing good papers and giving presentations.”

(July 2020)

TU München

”It was the best course I have taken so far. I loved it and feel that it will completely change my approach when dealing with scientific literature or production of scientific texts.”

(April 2019)

PRBB Barcelona Intervals Programme

“I have learnt some tips for oral argumentation that I could use both in my everyday life and academic life.”

(Oct 2019)

PRBB Barcelona Intervals Programme

“I very much enjoyed this course! I realized how people attack me with invalid arguments and missunderstand my sentences. Thanks to this course I know to react to them and defend my argument.”

(Feb 2016)

Life Science Graduate School Zürich

“This was my last course as a PhD student, but the first one which should have deserved to last longer.”

(March 2015)

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